COMPANION PLANTING GUIDE

Posted by on March 20, 2016

Basil

Plant near: most garden crops Keep away from: rue Comments: improves the flavor and growth of garden crops, especially tomatoes and lettuce. Repels mosquitoes.

Beans, Bush

Plant near: beets, cabbage, carrots, catnip, cauliflower, corn, cucumbers, marigolds, potatoes, savory, strawberries Keep away from: fennel, garlic, leeks, onions, shallots Comments: potatoes and marigolds repel Mexican bean beetles. Catnip repels flea beetles.

Beans, Pole

Plant near: corn, marigolds, potatoes, radishes Keep away from: beets, garlic, kohlrabi, leeks, onions, shallots Comments: same as for bush beans.

Beets

Plant near: broccoli, brussels sprouts, bush beans, cabbage, cauliflower, chard, kohlrabi, onions Keep away from: charlock, field mustard, pole beans Comments:

Borage

Plant near:  squash, strawberries, tomatoes Keep away from: Comments: repels tomato worms. Improves flavor and growth of companions.

Broccoli and Brussels Sprouts

Plant near: beets, buckwheat, calendula, carrots, chamomile, dill, hyssop, marigolds, mints, nasturtiums, onions, rosemary, sage, thyme, wormwood. Keep away from: strawberries Comments: marigolds repel cabbage moths. Nasturtiums repel aphids.

Cabbage and Cauliflower

Plant near: broccoli, brussels sprouts, celery, chard, spinach, tomatoes. Keep away from: strawberries Comments: tomatoes and celery repel cabbage worms.

Cantaloupe

Plant near: corn Keep away from: Comments:

Carrots

Plant near: cabbage, chives, early potatoes, leeks, lettuce, onions, peas, radishes, rosemary, sage, salsify, wormwood. Keep away from: Comments: onions, leeks, and wormwood repel carrot flies

Chives

Plant near: apples, berries, carrots, grapes, peas, roses, tomatoes. Keep away from: Comments: Improves flavor and growth of companions. Deters aphids and Japanese beetles.

Corn

Plant near: beans, cucumbers, early potatoes, melons, peas, pumpkins, soybeans, squash. Keep away from: Comments: soybeans deter chinch bugs.

Cucumbers

Plant near: beans, cabbage, corn, early potatoes, radishes, sunflowers. Keep away from: late potatoes Comments: Radishes deter cucumber beetles. Cucumbers encourage blight in late potatoes.

Dill

Plant near: broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, cucumber, lettuce, onions Keep away from: carrots Comments: Improves flavor and growth of cabbage family plants.

Epplant

Plant near: green beans, peppers, potatoes, tomatoes Keep away from: Comments: green beans deter Colorado potato beetles.

Garlic

Plant near: cabbage, cane fruits, fruit trees, roses, tomatoes Keep away from: peas, beans Comments: deters Japanese beetles and aphids. A garlic oil spray deters onion flies, aphids, and ermine moths. A garlic tea helps repel late potato blight.

Kale

Plant near: aromatic herbs, buckwheat, cabbage family, marigolds, nasturtiums Keep away from: pole beans, strawberries Comments:

Kohlrabi

Plant near: cabbage/cauliflower companions (except tomatoes) Keep away from: fennel, pole beans, tomatoes Comments: kohlrabi stunts tomatoes

Lettuce

Plant near: beets, carrotsparsnips, radishes, strawberries Keep away from: cabbage family Comments: lettuce tenderizes summer radishes.

Marigolds

Plant near: all garden crops Keep away from: Comments: stimulates vegetable growth and deters bean beetles, aphids, potato bugs, squash bugs, nematodes, and maggots.

Marjoram

Plant near: all garden crops Keep away from: Comments: stimulates vegetable growth.

Mustard

Plant near: alfalfa cover crops, fruit trees, grapes, legumes Keep away from: Comments: stimulates growth of companion plants.

Nasturtiums

Plant near: apples, beans, cabbage family, greenhouse crops, potatoes, pumpkins, radishes, squash Keep away from: Comments: repels aphids, potato bugs, squash bugs, striped pumpkin beetles, and Mexican bean beetles and destroys white flies in greenhouses.

Onions

Plant near: beets, cabbage family, carrots, chamomile, lettuce, parsnips Keep away from: beans, peas Comments: deters most pests, especially maggots.

Oregano

Plant near: all garden crops Keep away from: Comments: deters many insect pests.

Parsley

Plant near: corn, roses, tomatoes Keep away from: Comments:

Parsnips

Plant near: onions, radishes, wormwood Keep away from: Comments: onions and wormwood help keep root maggots from parsnips.

Peas

Plant near: beans, carrots, corn, cucumbers, early potatoes, radishes, turnips Keep away from: garlic leeks, onions, shallots Comments:

Peppers

Plant near: basil, carrots, eggplant, onions, parsley, tomatoes Keep away from: fennel, kohlrabi Comments:

Potatoes

Plant near: basil, beans, cabbage family, corn, eggplant, flax, hemp, marigolds, peas, squash Keep away from: apples, birch, cherries, cucumbers, pumpkins, raspberries, sunflowers, tomatoes, walnuts Comments: hemp deters phytophthora infestans. Basil deters potato beetles. Marigolds (dug into crop soil) deter nematodes.

Radishes

Plant near: chervil, cucumbers, lettuce, melons, peas, nasturtiums, root crops Keep away from: hyssop Comments: radishes deter cucumber beetles. Chervil makes radishes hot. Lettuce helps make radishes tender. Nasturtiums improve radishes’ flavor.

Rosemary

Plant near: beans, cabbage, carrots Keep away from: Comments: repels bean beetles, cabbage moths, and carrot flies.

Sage

Plant near: cabbage family, carrots, tomatoes Keep away from: cucumbers Comments: deters cabbage moths and carrot flies. Invigorates tomato plants.

Soybeans

Plant near: corn, potatoes Keep away from: Comments: chokes weeds and enriches soil.

Spinach

Plant near: celery, cauliflower, eggplant, strawberries Keep away from: Comments

Strawberries

Plant near: borage, bush beans, lettuce, pyrethrum, spinach Keep away from: cabbage family Comments:

Sunflowers

Plant near: cucumbers Keep away from: potatoes Comments: can provide a trellis and shelter for shade-loving plants.

Swiss Chard

Plant near: bush beans, kohlrabi, onions Keep away from: pole beans Comments:

Tarragon

Plant near: all garden crops Keep away from: Comments: improves vegetables’ flavor and growth.

Thyme

Plant near: all garden crops Keep away from: Comments: deters cabbage moths.

Tomatoes

Plant near: asparagus, basil, cabbage family, carrots, gooseberries, mustard, parsley, onions, rosemary, sage, stinging nettles Keep away from: fennel, kohlrabi, potatoes, walnuts Comments:

Turnips and Rutabagas

Plant near: peas Keep away from: knotweed, mustard Comments: mustard and knotweed inhibit the growth of turnips and rutabagas.

 

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